The Indonesia government has from the beginning of the National Development Program placed great emphasis on the development of the agricultural sector. In 1959 it set up PT Pupuk Sriwidjaja (PUSRI) in Palembang, South Sumatra, marking the start of the Indonesian fertilizer industry. PUSRI was one of three special projects launched by the government at that time, the other two being a steel iron project and a rayon project.
Agriculture was given first priority in the First Long Term Development Plan (PJPT I) as part of the government effort to achieve food self that sufficiency. An agricultural intensification program called Panca Usaha Tani was launched to this effect to achieve the objective through better soil management, irritation, use of high-yield varieties, fertilization and pest control. The program proved a great success, sharply increasing agricultural output.
To meet growing requirements, more fertilizer plants were built in the 1970, including three more plants in Palembang, another three in Bontang, East Kalimantan, two in Lhokseumawe, Aceh, and one in Cikampek, West Java, all producing urea; and three AS (ZA) and two TSP fertilizer plants in Gresik, East Java.
In 1994, yet two more urea plants were built, one in Palembang and other in Gresik. Last year the government approved the construction of three more urea plants, one each in Bontang, Cikampek and Lhokseumawe.
To organize all of the fertilizer industries, APPI (Indonesian Fertilizer Producers Association) was established on May 26th, 1970.
1. To organize all fertilizer industries in Indonesia into one organization based on healthy industrial principal cooperation especially for the importance of all members and for strengthening the national development in general, with the aim of a good and discipline national economical life as written in Article 33 of UUD 1945.
2. To create and develop the fertilizer industrial atmosphere to make all members capable of being part of the Indonesian National Development.
1. Provides assistance for members to deal with any problems regarding fertilizer production, distribution and marketing.
2. Develops an information center for all members.
3. Executes a general study in building new fertilizer factories including the marketing management.
4. Holds seminars, scientific discussion on fertilizer related subjects.
5. Holds exhibitions and general publication.
6. Carries out researches with other.
1. Supports the government in any fertilizer researches and development.
2. Supports the government by giving any information and advice about fertilizer.
3. Holds a cooperation with other institutional, either from Indonesia or overseas, for the development of fertilizer industry regarding the national economical development.
4. Assists the effort of keeping the nature in balance and also combats anything that tends to create damage on fertilizer environmental.
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